Short Story Writers
American short story writer William Sydney Porter (1862 – 1910) is more commonly known by his pen name, O. Henry. His stories are widely appreciated for their subtle humor and surprise endings. In his day, he was known as the American Guy de Maupassant.
Cabbages and Kings is the first of O. Henry's collection of stories, which all take place in the fictional Republic of Anchuria (for which Henry originally coined the term “Banana Republic"), and are all in some way connected to each other.
The Four Million is the second published collection of O. Henry's short stories, which was released in 1906. The Collection consists of twenty five stories of various lengths, including some of his best known works, "The Gift of the Magi", and "The Cop and the Anthem". The book's title refers to the then population of New York City, where many of the stories are set.
Waifs and Strays is the title of the short story collection by O. Henry that was published posthumously in 1917 by Doubleday, Page & Company. His collection contains the following items:
Guy de de Maupassant
Well-known as the "father of modern short story", Henri René Albert Guy de Maupassant (1850 – 1893) is considered to be one of the greatest French writers of the 19th century, and is a representative of the naturalist school of writers. A protégé of Gustave Flaubert, Maupassant's stories are characterized by economic style and efficient outcomes. Throughout his career, Maupassant wrote approximately 300 short stories, six novels, three travel books, and one volume of verse. The majority of his stories based on the Franco-Prussian War of the 1870s describe the life of innocent people who can do nothing about the situation they are caught up in. Maupassant's works are the striking examples of French realism during that period of time. He captured various aspects of day-to-day human lives, often in pessimistic terms, so almost all of his stories included a deep life lesson. His first published story, "Boule de Suif" is often considered to be his masterpiece.
Henry James (1843 – 1916) was an American-born, British writer who is regarded as one of the key figures of 19th-century literary realism. Henry James began his literary career writing articles, book reviews and short stories, although he was interested in the longer form of short narrative. Henry James used a method of writing from a character's point of view which allowed him to create highly developed characters, and to explore issues relating to consciousness and perception, personal freedom, and morality. He was nominated for the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1911, 1912, and 1916.
Herman Melville (1819 – 1891) was an acclaimed American novelist, short story writer, and poet of the American Renaissance period. His best known works include Typee (1846), a romantic account of his experiences in Polynesian life, and Moby-Dick (1851). He first gained critical acclaim with his book Typee: A Peep at Polynesian Life, after which his most popular novel, Moby-Dick elevated his status as a celebrated writer. Melville succeeded not only as a novelist but also as an author of short stories. The Piazza Tales is a collection of six short stories, published by Dix & Edwards in 1856. The collection includes what has long been regarded as the author's three most important achievements in the genre of short fiction, "Bartleby, the Scrivener", "Benito Cereno", and "The Encantadas" (his sketches of the Galápagos Islands).
Jack London (born John Griffith Chaney, 1876 – 1916) was an American novelist, journalist, and social activist. Some of his most famous works include The Call of the Wild and White Fang, both set in the Klondike Gold Rush, as well as the short stories "To Build a Fire", "An Odyssey of the North", and "Love of Life". He was a true traveler and his stories of high adventure were based on his own experiences. London's multifaceted talent has brought him success in the field of utopian writings and science fiction stories. "Goliath", "The Enemy of All the World," "The Scarlet Plague", "When the World was Young," and others are attracted by originality of style, wealth of imagination and unexpected moves.