Writers of the Victorian Period
The Victorian era (20 June 1837 to 22 January 1901), was a long period of continuous development of economic and social welfare in Britain. This development was accompanied by the flowering of culture and arts. In literature the novel came to prominence as the dominant genre. William Thackeray, Charles Dickens, Brontë sisters, George Eliot and Thomas Hardy were the major writers of that era.
Charles Dickens (1812 – 1870)
Occupation: writer, social critic
Charles Dickens created some of the world's best-known fictional characters and is regarded as the greatest novelist of the Victorian era. The Posthumous Papers of the Pickwick Club (also known as The Pickwick Papers) was Charles Dickens's first and personal favourite novel. His most important works include "Oliver Twist", "A Christmas Carol", "Dombey and Son", "David Copperfield", "Bleak House", "Little Dorrit", "A Tale of Two Cities", and "Great Expectations". You can find some of them on our online bookstore:
William Makepeace Thackeray (1811 – 1863)
Occupation: novelist, poet
William Thackeray was Dickens' great rival in the first half of Queen Victoria's reign. He is known for his satirical works, particularly Vanity Fair, subtitled A Novel without a Hero, which is an example of a form popular in Victorian literature. Among his famous works are the novels "Pendennis", "Catherine", "The Luck of Barry Lyndon" and "The Adventures of Philip".
Occupation: poets and novelists
Three Brontë sisters, Charlotte (1816–1855), Emily (1818–1848) and Anne (1820–1849) published significant works in the 1840s. Charlotte's "Jane Eyre" was the first to achieve success, while Emily's "Wuthering Heights", Anne's "The Tenant of Wildfell Hall" and other works were not immediately appreciated by Victorian critics.
George Eliot (1819 – 1880)
Occupation: novelist, poet, journalist, translator
Mary Ann Evans, known by her pen name George Eliot, was one of the leading writers of the Victorian era. She is the author of seven novels: "Adam Bede", "The Mill on the Floss", "Silas Marner", "Romola", "Felix Holt, the Radical", "Middlemarch", and "Daniel Deronda", most of which are known for their realism and psychological insight.
Thomas Hardy (1840 – 1928)
Occupation: novelist, poet, short story writer
In the later decades of the Victorian era, Thomas Hardy was the most important novelist in the tradition of George Eliot. He was influenced both in his novels and in his poetry by Romanticism. His works include "Under the Greenwood Tree", "Far from the Madding Crowd", "The Mayor of Casterbridge", "Tess of the d'Urbervilles", "The Woodlandersand" and "Jude the Obscure".